Simple Present and Present Progressive

  1. Something smells (smell) very good.
  2. We are eating (eat) dinner at seven o’clock tonight.
  3. He practices (practice) the piano every day.
  4. They are driving (drive) to school tomorrow.
  5. I believing (believe) you.
  6. Maria has (have) a cold.
  7. Jorge swimming (swim) right now.
  8. John hates (hate) smoke.
  9. Jill always gets (get) up at 6:00 Am.
  10. Jerry is mowing (mow) the lawn now.

Simple past and Past Progressive

  1. Gene was eating (eat) dinner when his friend called.
  2. While Maria has cleaning the apartment, her husband was sleeping (sleep).
  3. At three o’clock this morning, Eleanor was studying (study).
  4. When Mark arrived, the Johnsons were having (have) dinner but they stopped in order to walk to him.
  5. John went (go) to France last year.
  6. When the teacher entered (enter) the room the students were talking.
  7. While Joan was writing the report, Henry was looking (look) for more information.
  8. We saw (see) this movie last night.
  9. At one time, Mr. Robert own (own) this bulding.
  10. Jose was writing (write) a letter to his family when his pencil broke (break).

Present Perfect and Past Tense

  1. John wrote (write) his report last night.
  2. Bob has seen (see) this movie before.
  3. Jorge has read (read) the newspaper already.
  4. Mr.Johnsons has worked (work) in the same place for thirty five years,and he is not planning to retire yet.
  5. We haven’t began (begin/negative) to study for the test yet.
  6. George went (go) to the store at ten o’clock this morning.
  7. Joan has travelled (travel) around the world.
  8. Betty wrote (write) a letter last night.
  9. Guillermo called (call) his employer yesterday.
  10. We haven’t seen (seel negative0 this movie yet.

Past Perfect  >>  S + had + V3

The past perfect is used to indicate

  1. An action that happened before another action in the past.

There usually are two action in the sentences.

  • John had gone to the store before he went home.

S + had + V3 + before + S + V2

  • John went home after he had gone to the store.

S + V2 + after + S + had + V3

  • Before John went home,he had gone to the store.

Before + S + V2 + S + had + V3

  • After John had gone to the store,he went home.

After + S + had + V3 + S + V2

2.  A state which continued for a time in the past,but stopped before now.

Abdu had lived in New York for ten years before he moved to Califfornnnia.

  • Past Perfect Progressive (continous)

S + had + been + V ing

Abdu had been living in New York for ten years before he moved to California.

  1. The policeman read the suspect his rights after he had arrested (arrest) him.
  2. After John had washed (wash) his clothes,he began to study.
  3. George had waited (wait) for one hour before the bus come.
  4. Maria entered (enter) the university after she had graduated from the community college.
  5. Jeanette washed (wash) the pipettes after she had completed the experiment.
  6. Jent sent a letter to her university after she received (receive) her scholarship check.
  7. After the stewardesses had served lunch to the passengers, they sat (sit) down.
  8. The car had flipped (flip) ten times before it landed on its roof.
  9. We corrected our papers after we had taken (take) the quiz.
  10. John had lived / had been living (live) in Miami for one year when his parens came to visit.



Note :

Another and other are non specific.

If the subject is understood, one can omit the noun and keep the determiner and other so that other function as a pronoun.

If it is a plural count noun that is omitted, other becomes others. The word other can NEVER be plural if it is followed by a noun.

Exercise :

  1. This pen isn’t working. Please give me another one (singular).
  2. If you’re still thirsty. I’ll make other some pot of coffee.
  3. This dictionary has a page missing. Please give me the other one (the last one).
  4. He doesn’t need those books. He needs the other books (all the remaining).
  5. There are thirty people in the room. Twenty are from latin America and the other are from other countries.
  6. Six people were in the store. Two were buying meat. The other was looking at magazine. Another was eating a candy bar. The other were walking around looking for more foods.
  7. This glass of milk is sour. Another glass of milk is sour too.
  8. The army was practicing its drill. One group was doing artillery practice another was marching, the other was at attention, and other was practicing combat tactics.
  9. There are seven students from Japan. The other are from Iran, and the other are from other place.
  10. We looked at four cars today. The first two were far too expensive, but the other ones were reasonably priced.



  1. He doesn’t have (much / many) money.
  2. I would like (a few / a little) salt on my vegetables.
  3. She bought (that / those) cards last night.
  4. There are (less / fewer) student in this room than in the next room.
  5. There is (too much / too many) bad news on television tonight.
  6. I do not want (these / this) water.
  7. This is (too many / too much) information to learn.
  8. A (few / little) people lest early.
  9. Would you like (less / fewer) coffee then this?
  10. This jacket costa (too much / too many).


  1. Jason’s father bought him the bicycle that he had wanted for his birthday.
  2. The Statue of liberty was a gift of friendship from fance to the United State.
  3. Rita is studying English and Math this semester.
  4. The Judge asked the witness to tell the truth.
  5. Please give me a cup of coffee with cream and sugar.
  6. The big books on a table are for my history class.
  7. No one in Spanish class knew the correct answer to Mrs. Perez’s question.
  8. My the car is four years old and it still rus well.
  9. When you go to the store, please buy a bottle of chocolate milk and a dozen oranges.
  10. There are only a few seats left for tonight musical at the university.
  11. John and Marcy went to school yesterday and then studied in the library before returning home.
  12. lake Erie is one of the five Great Lakes in North America.
  13. On our trip to spain, we crossed the Atlantic Ocean.
  14. Mount Rushmore is the site of a magnificent tribute to the four great American Presidents.
  15. What did you eat for the breakfast this morning?
  16. Lovie played the basketball and the Boy’s Club thus year.
  17. Rita plays the violin, and her sister plays the guitar.
  18. While we were in Alaska, we saw an Eskimo village.
  19. Phil can’t go to the moves tonight because he has to write an essay.
  20. David attended Princetan University.
  21. Harry has been admitted to the school of Medicine at mid western university.
  22. Mel’s grand mother is in the hospital, so we went to visit her the last night.
  23. political science class is taking a trip to the Soviet Union in spring.
  24. A Queen Elizabeth II is a Monach of the Great Britain.
  25. The Declaration of Independence was drawn up in 1776.
  26. Scientists hope to send expediting to mars during 1985.
  27. Last night there was a bird singing outside my house.
  28. The chair that you are sitting in is broken.
  29. The civil war was fought in United States between 1861 and 1865.
  30. The Florida State University is smaller than the University of Florida.