TENSES

Simple Present and Present Progressive

  1. Something smells (smell) very good.
  2. We are eating (eat) dinner at seven o’clock tonight.
  3. He practices (practice) the piano every day.
  4. They are driving (drive) to school tomorrow.
  5. I believing (believe) you.
  6. Maria has (have) a cold.
  7. Jorge swimming (swim) right now.
  8. John hates (hate) smoke.
  9. Jill always gets (get) up at 6:00 Am.
  10. Jerry is mowing (mow) the lawn now.

Simple past and Past Progressive

  1. Gene was eating (eat) dinner when his friend called.
  2. While Maria has cleaning the apartment, her husband was sleeping (sleep).
  3. At three o’clock this morning, Eleanor was studying (study).
  4. When Mark arrived, the Johnsons were having (have) dinner but they stopped in order to walk to him.
  5. John went (go) to France last year.
  6. When the teacher entered (enter) the room the students were talking.
  7. While Joan was writing the report, Henry was looking (look) for more information.
  8. We saw (see) this movie last night.
  9. At one time, Mr. Robert own (own) this bulding.
  10. Jose was writing (write) a letter to his family when his pencil broke (break).

Present Perfect and Past Tense

  1. John wrote (write) his report last night.
  2. Bob has seen (see) this movie before.
  3. Jorge has read (read) the newspaper already.
  4. Mr.Johnsons has worked (work) in the same place for thirty five years,and he is not planning to retire yet.
  5. We haven’t began (begin/negative) to study for the test yet.
  6. George went (go) to the store at ten o’clock this morning.
  7. Joan has travelled (travel) around the world.
  8. Betty wrote (write) a letter last night.
  9. Guillermo called (call) his employer yesterday.
  10. We haven’t seen (seel negative0 this movie yet.

Past Perfect  >>  S + had + V3

The past perfect is used to indicate

  1. An action that happened before another action in the past.

There usually are two action in the sentences.

  • John had gone to the store before he went home.

S + had + V3 + before + S + V2

  • John went home after he had gone to the store.

S + V2 + after + S + had + V3

  • Before John went home,he had gone to the store.

Before + S + V2 + S + had + V3

  • After John had gone to the store,he went home.

After + S + had + V3 + S + V2

2.  A state which continued for a time in the past,but stopped before now.

Abdu had lived in New York for ten years before he moved to Califfornnnia.

  • Past Perfect Progressive (continous)

S + had + been + V ing

Abdu had been living in New York for ten years before he moved to California.

  1. The policeman read the suspect his rights after he had arrested (arrest) him.
  2. After John had washed (wash) his clothes,he began to study.
  3. George had waited (wait) for one hour before the bus come.
  4. Maria entered (enter) the university after she had graduated from the community college.
  5. Jeanette washed (wash) the pipettes after she had completed the experiment.
  6. Jent sent a letter to her university after she received (receive) her scholarship check.
  7. After the stewardesses had served lunch to the passengers, they sat (sit) down.
  8. The car had flipped (flip) ten times before it landed on its roof.
  9. We corrected our papers after we had taken (take) the quiz.
  10. John had lived / had been living (live) in Miami for one year when his parens came to visit.

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